History

Struggle "Koresh" has deep roots, along with the customs, rituals, traditions, it is the national culture of the Tatar people. Throughout Russia, in the areas where the Tatars for centuries were national holidays "Sabantuy", which has always been central to the struggle "Koresh." Another Arab traveler Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, who visited Volga Bulgars in 922, and Abu Hamid al-Garnati visited there in 1131, left a record of the folk festival and the wrestlers pahlevanah.

Struggle "Koresh" so far belong to a national sport (in 2010, the order of the Ministry of Sports of Russia 26.07.2010g. Wrestling "Koresh" was recognized as a sport and is included in the third section of the All-Russian roster sports as a national sport), has its long history and is very popular among the peoples of the Volga region, the Urals, Siberia and other regions of Russia and abroad.

The first official wrestling "Koresh" is the Olympics of autonomous republics and regions, which took place in July 1928 in Kazan. In August of that year was held against Union Olympics "Koresh."

         
In 1940, to mark the 20th anniversary of Tatarstan in Kazan was held I-nd championship against the Republic "Koresh" and in 1956 began to be the most numerous and representative open Republican contest memory of the hero-poet Musa Jalil.

In the late 50's and early 60's the development of the struggle "Koresh" in the republic engaged federation of classical (Greco-Roman), freestyle wrestling and Sambo. Since 1959, resumed regular championships Tatarstan. For the first time in the competition participated fighters from neighboring regions - Bashkortostan, Mordovia and Ulyanovsk, and in 1960 the city of Kazan got the right to host the championship and the championship against the Russian Federation, "Koresh" (from 1991 - the unofficial Russian Championship) . Since these events are held annually, not only in Kazan, but also in other cities of the Russian Federation. These events were held in Kazan (1960, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1979, 1989, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012) in Ufa (1961, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1999, 2001, 2011), Salavat (1973) in Orenburg (1962), in Oktyabrsky (1978, 1981), in g.Tuymazy (1988), in Chelyabinsk (1972, 1991), in Cheboksary (1975, 1982, 1986, 1990), Almetyevsk (1983, 1987) in Samara (2003), in Ulyanovsk (2004), g.Nab . Chelny (2005).

5 th
december 1968 in the Republic was a federation of the Tatar-Bashkir National Wrestling "Koresh."

         
There are rules for the competition, which were published in 1945, 1958, 1961, 1971, 1985, 1997 and 2005, as well as guidelines, manuals and training manuals for the fight. The universities of physical training PT has offices on the national struggle, which trains highly qualified specialists, coaches, teachers. In the republic are 53 sports school on the national struggle or have offices in their national struggle "Koresh."

Since 1961 was assigned the title of "Master of Sports of the Russian Federation on national kinds." Since 1995, the Unified Sports Classification Tatar-Bashkir National Wrestling "Koresh" was assigned to the Republic of Tatarstan sports title "Master of Sports of the Republic of Tatarstan", for his contribution to the development of the national wrestling, perennial sporting achievements in the championships of RT - the honorary title "Honored Master Sports of the Republic of Tatarstan ", and coaches - the honorary title" Honored Coach of the Republic of Tatarstan ".

         
A major step in the development of the struggle "Koresh" was the creation of 15 April 2005 on the initiative of the World Congress of Tatars, the decision inaugural conference attended by delegates from 57 regions of the Russian Federation, the Russian public organization "Federation of National Wrestling" Koresh Tatarcha "of the Russian Federation", January 19 2006 was registered in the Ministry of Justice. Beginning in 2005, national and international competitions held this public organization. In these competitions attended by athletes from 35 - 40 regions of the Russian Federation, established sporting links with more than 50 regions of the Russian Federation.

        
Since 2001, the Russian held tournament "Cup of the Urals," in 2013 for the first time in the history of "Koresh" was held on the tournament "Cup of Siberia." Regularly held regional championships in many regions of the Russian Federation.

It has become a tradition the annual Federal Sabantui, so the geography of the regions, developing struggle "Koresh." In 2012, national holidays "Sabantuy" took in more than 70 regions of Russia and 20 countries of the near and far abroad.

9 th september 2009 was an international and European associations Tatar belt wrestling "Koresh", which have started European and World Championships. International Association of Tatar belt wrestling "Koresh" as part of the World Committee traditional sports included in the International Federation of the combined styles of fighting (FILA), which is a member of the International Olympic Committee.

In September 2009, at the Fourth World Games FILA struggle in Siauliai was world championship wrestling "Koresh", and in December 2009 in Vilnius of Lithuania passed the I-th European championship wrestling "Koresh" in the Open category.

In May 2010, an international association of Tatar belt wrestling "Koresh" organized and conducted in the city of Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan (Russia) next world championship wrestling "Koresh" in five different weight classes. World Championship in Kazan gave a strong impetus to the development of the struggle "Koresh" in the international arena. Following the World Cup have been established official national federation to combat "Koresh" in Uzbekistan, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Ukraine. Began to develop the sport in other countries - Belarus, Kazakhstan, South Korea, India, Mongolia, China, Turkmenistan, Moldova, Latvia, Abkhazia, Kyrgyzstan and other Asian Association was established Tatar belt wrestling "Koresh."

In April 2011 in London as part of an international sports conference "SportAccord" new agreement was signed between the International Association of Tatar belt wrestling "Koresh" and the International Federation of the combined styles of fighting FILA further mutual cooperation in the promotion and development of the struggle "Koresh" in the international sports arena.

In 2011, the city of Mashhad in the Islamic Republic of Iran has passed I-th Asian Championship in wrestling "Koresh," and in 2012 in the city of Sao Paulo (Brazil) held Junior World Championships 15 - 16 years.

Struggle "Koresh" is included in the program of the XXVII World Summer Universiade 2013 in Kazan.